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Celebrating the 100th Anniversary of Insulin's Breakthrough in Diabetes Treatment

Author Name : Bhavya Bagga     |     Date : 30-06-2023
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The 100th anniversary of a medical breakthrough that improved the lives of millions of individuals with type 1 diabetes will be honored around the world in 2021. Diabetes was formerly lethal, but thanks to insulin, it is now a chronic condition that can be managed with proper medication that was discovered in 1921 by researchers at the University of Toronto.

Before this finding, the prognosis for children with type 1 diabetes was less than a year, and death was a common consequence for adults with the condition. A stringent low-carbohydrate diet was the only treatment available at the time, and while it could increase longevity, it did little for quality of life.

Insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas that controls blood sugar levels, was discovered after years of study. Newspapers everywhere proclaimed insulin to be a "miracle cure" for diabetes upon its discovery, and the world rejoiced.However, isolating and mass-producing insulin for medicinal usage was difficult at first. Insulin was rapidly destroyed and required substantial purification before it could be used effectively to treat patients, which presented a considerable challenge for researchers. Researchers persisted in trying to perfect an insulin that would work reliably and effectively despite these obstacles.

The first human trial of insulin was a success in 1922, about a year after its discovery. Amazingly, individuals saw immediate and substantial reductions in their blood sugar levels as a result. Adults with type 1 diabetes were given a second chance at life, while children with the disease had a chance at survival for the first time.

Insulin has saved the lives of millions of individuals with diabetes, but it is not a cure. Major improvements in diabetes management are a direct result of ongoing research efforts. It is impossible to overestimate the importance of insulin in the treatment of diabetes.

Without a question, the discovery of insulin ranks among the most significant advances in medicine. What was once a death sentence is now a chronic ailment that millions of people can live with. Although there is still more work to be done, we can certainly call the discovery of insulin a watershed moment in medical history due to its monumental influence on diabetes care.